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Sinusitis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation in the sinuses, which are the air-filled cavities within the bones surrounding the nasal passages. This inflammation can result in a blockage of the nasal passages and an accumulation of mucus, leading to various symptoms and features.


Nasal Congestion: Individuals with sinusitis often experience a feeling of congestion or blockage in the nasal passages, making it challenging to breathe through the nose.

Facial Pain or Pressure: Sinusitis commonly causes discomfort or pressure in the face, particularly around the forehead, cheeks, and eyes.

Headache: Many individuals with sinusitis report headaches, which can be attributed to the increased pressure in the sinuses.

Fatigue: Sinusitis may lead to a general sense of fatigue and lethargy due to the body's efforts to combat inflammation and infection.

Reduced Sense of Smell: The inflammation in the sinuses can affect the ability to smell, leading to a diminished sense of smell.

Coughing: A persistent cough may accompany sinusitis, especially when the mucus produced in the sinuses drains down the back of the throat.


  • Acute Sinusitis: Typically associated with a rapid onset of symptoms, often following a viral infection like the common cold.
  • Duration is usually short-term, lasting less than four weeks.
  • Chronic Sinusitis: Symptoms persist for an extended period, commonly exceeding 12 weeks.
  • Chronic sinusitis may be linked to persistent inflammation, allergies, or structural issues such as nasal polyps.

Underlying Causes:

  • Viral Infections: Often triggered by common cold viruses or influenza.
  • Bacterial Infections: Secondary bacterial infections may follow a viral illness.
  • Allergies: Airborne allergens can contribute to chronic sinusitis.
  • Structural Issues: Deviated septum or nasal polyps may obstruct the sinuses.


Understanding these symptoms and features is crucial for individuals experiencing sinusitis, as it facilitates early recognition, proper management, and informed decision-making when seeking medical advice for diagnosis and tailored treatment.